Frost Flowers, Also Known as Ice Flowers


 Frost flower formations are also referred to as “ice flowers”, “ice blossoms”, “frost castles”, “frost beard”, “ice castles”, or “ice ribbons”.

The formation of frost flowers, is apparently dependent on a freezing weather condition occurring when the ground is not already frozen. The sap in the stem of the plants will expand (water expands when frozen), causing long, thin cracks to form along the length of the stem. Water is then drawn through these cracks via capillary action and freezes upon contact with the air. As more water is drawn through the cracks it pushes the thin ice layers further from the stem, causing a thin “petal” to form.  The “flowers” will continue to grow as long as the air is below freezing and the ground is warm enough for water to be drawn up through the plant.  The petals are normally very thin and delicate and will be gone shortly after the sun hits them. 

Plants that often form frost flowers are white crownbeard, commonly called frostweed, tickweed, or ice-plant.  These waist- to shoulder-high plants grow in dense patches in the moist, shaded soil of river or creek bottoms and form heavy undergrowths in the shade of large trees.

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Nelson Nevada, Ghost Town

Nelson Nevada, about 25 miles southwest of  Las Vegas was once an active mining area which produced millions of dollars in gold, silver, copper and lead.  Over the last decade owners of the mine have restored a number of buildings and created a museum to the area and the Techatticup Mine. There are several buildings, old vehicles, and just about anything else, just lying around that they have collected.

All of the photos in this post have been converted to black and white, or actually sepia tone because I felt the effect fit the subject very well.

I will be doing a Photographic Destinations post in the near future and will show the color photos in that post.

Fort Smith National Cemetery – Candlelight Vigil



This is a follow up to my last post, featuring the Wreaths Across America Program at the National Cemetery in Fort Smith.  Monday Dec. 14, they held a candlelight vigil to honor the those who have given their lives to provide the freedoms we enjoy in our beloved Nation.  These are a few shots from that vigil.

Fort Smith National Cemetery – Wreaths Across America

Today Dec. 12, 2009 citizens of Fort Smith honored the servicemen and women of our community, who have made the ultimate sacrifice for nation. Family, friends and volunteers transformed the Fort Smith National Cemetery by placing one wreath on each of the 12,000 headstones in their honor.

The “Christmas Honors” was derived from Wreaths Across America where as part of the program, the Arlington National Cemetery’s gravesites are decorated every Christmas season with wreaths with red ribbons to honor those who have given their lives to provide the freedoms we enjoy in our beloved Nation. The cemetery is transformed into a vision of beauty, and the families of those buried at Arlington take comfort in seeing the respect that is shown to their grandfathers, fathers, mothers, sons, daughters, brothers, sisters, friends and other fallen heroes who so loved our Country.

In addition, there will be a candlelight vigil at 5:30 p.m.  Monday, Dec. 14 for friends, family and our community.

Janet Huckabee River Valley Nature Center

Photo Exhibit – Arkansas River Valley Nature Center


For the month of November I will be having an exhibit at the Janet Huckabee River Valley Nature Center in Fort Smith.

The exhibit will consist of 12 Gallery Wrap Giclee prints on canvas in varying sizes up 3′ x 5′.

Giclée commonly pronounced “zhee-clay,” is an invented name for the process of making fine art prints from a digital source using ink-jet printing. The word “giclée”, from the French language word “gicleur” meaning “nozzle”, was created by Jack Duganne, a printmaker working in the field, to represent any inkjet based digital print used as fine art. The intent of that name was to distinguish commonly known industrial “Iris proofs” from the type of fine art prints artists were producing on those same types of printers. The name was originally applied to fine art prints created on Iris printers in a process invented in the early 1990s but has since come to mean any high quality ink-jet print.
The earliest prints to be called “Giclée” were created in the early 1990s on the Iris Graphics models 3024, 3047, 4012 or “Realist” color drum continuous Hertz inkjet printers
Current state of the art

Beside continued development of Iris prints, in the past few years, the word “giclée”, as a fine art term, has come to be associated with prints using fade resistant “archival” inks and the printers that use them. These printers use the CMYK color process but may have multiple cartridges for variations of each color that increases the apparent resolution and color gamut and allows smoother gradient transitions.

Why Canvas?

Canvas prints last a really long time, typical dye based inks will fade in only  a matter of months, while the archival pigment inks will offer up to 200 years depending on material used and proper storage.

Images printed on conventional paper pale in comparison to canvas prints, which have an heirloom quality.  Canvas prints become a fine piece of art, not just a snapshot.

Gallery wrap provide a print that is ready to hang and display without the need for matting and framing.  Canvas prints look more like original paintings but with the rich colors tonal depth and detail of a photograph, giving the best of both worlds.

The exhibit will run thru the month of November.

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I will post images I have captured, primarily in Arkansas and Oklahoma, but also from my travels.  I will also post articles about photography , photographic tips,  articles on using Adobe Lightroom and other random photo related information.

 I will be posting an ongoing project I call "Photographic Destinations".  In this I will give details on where, what, when and how to photograph various destinations both locally and from my travels.  Click on the "Photographic Destinations" under Categories and they will be sorted by location.


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